Tuesday, July 28, 2015

1997 Mazda Protege 4 cyl Super Gas Saver!

1997 Mazda Protege
DX Sedan 4D
VIN: JM1BC1410V0111955

Vehicle Highlights
Fuel Economy:
City 26/Hwy 33/Comb 29 MPG
Max Seating: 5
Doors: 4Engine: 4-Cyl, 1.5 Liter
Drivetrain: FWDTransmission: Manual, 5-Spd
EPA Class: Compact CarsBody Style: Sedan
Country of Origin: JapanCountry of Assembly: Japan

Comfort and Convenience
Air Conditioning 
Power Windows 
Power Door Locks 
Cruise Control 
Power Steering 
Tilt Wheel 
Entertainment and Instrumentation
AM/FM Stereo 
CD (Single Disc) 
Safety and Security
Dual Air Bags 
Wheels and Tires
Steel Wheels 

Exterior Color

Engine4-Cyl, 1.5 Liter
Horsepower92 @ 5500 RPM
Torque96 @ 4000 RPM
Fuel EconomyCity 26/Hwy 33/Comb 29 MPG
Bore x Stroke2.96 x 3.29
Compression Ratio9.4
Fuel TypeGas
Fuel InductionMulti Fuel Injection
Valve TrainDual Overhead Cam
Valves Per Cylinder4
Total Number Valves16
TransmissionManual, 5-Spd
Transfer Case-
Fuel Capacity14.5 gallons
Wheel Base102.6 inches
Overall Length174.8 inches
Width with Mirrors67.3 inches
Width without Mirrors-
Height55.9 inches
Curb Weight2385 lbs.
Tires / Wheel SizeP175/70SR13
Rear Tires / Wheel Size-
Turning Diameter33.4 feet
Standard Axle Ratio3.85
Minimum Ground Clearance5.9 inches
Maximum Ground Clearance-
Maximum GVWR-
Maximum TowingNot Recommended
Payload Base Capacity-
Head Room: Front39.2 inches
Head Room: Rear37.4 inches
Leg Room: Front42.2 inches
Leg Room: Rear35.6 inches
Shoulder Room: Front54.3 inches
Shoulder Room: Rear53.6 inches
EPA Passenger95.5 cu.ft.
EPA Trunk or Cargo13.1 cu.ft.
EPA Total Interior108.6 cu.ft.
Truck Bed Volume-

Friday, October 19, 2012

Where did all the dust go?... Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama

It seems like yesterday's big dust storm that originated in Nebraska and Colorado (see my previous post) has now traveled a huge distance.  The affected states include Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama.
I would risk to say (with no evidence at this moment except by a common sense guess) that the storm came into Texas during the afternoon of the 18 of Oct. 2012. And traveled through Louisiana today early in the morning, and, this picture is captured a little before noon local time. The image shown here is produced by our "beta" Near-Real-Time (NRT) dust aerosol detection system. And is produced using NASA Terra-MODIS multispectral data.

As the dust is traveling through central and south-eastern US, it seems to be weaker and weaker. I would forecast that the dust would end up near the East coast of the US, but very weak.

I promise a complete followup on Sunday night.

I was right! It moved to the East coast. Check the following video...

Thursday, October 18, 2012

Meanwhile in Central US... Big Time Dust Storms!

Today our system shows high probabilities of dust aerosols present in the states of Nebraska, Colorado, Kansas, and Oklahoma.  It seems like a strong winds originated from the Dakotas to Oklahoma and possibly cold fronts provoked a dust storm of a large size. The area monitored by NASA-Terra-MODIS suggests that the dust storm size could cover the state of Oklahoma almost in its entirety. 

A report from Tulsa, OK, says that the visibility in one of their highways was of about 10 feet, near black out. 
"A massive dust storm swirling reddish-brown clouds over northern Oklahoma triggered a multi-vehicle accident along a major interstate Thursday, forcing police to shut down the heavily traveled roadway amid near blackout conditions. (Oct. 18)" - Associated Press. Here is a video from a helicopter (I guess).

Another official source says the following:
"Strong winds in the Plains today have caused travel disruptions from the Dakotas to Oklahoma. This picture shows several trucks blown over on Interstate 90 near Belvidere, SD. This is just one of several reports of traffic accidents in the region caused by strong winds and/or blowing dust." - U.S. National Weather Service.

Our Near-Real-Time (NRT) Dust Aerosol Detection System (DADS) for the date can be accessed here: NRT DADS. In this site you can download the data granules corresponding to this dust storm, which are 16:55 (UTC) and 18:35 (UTC), both corresponding to multispectral data processed from the NASA Terra-MODIS instrument.

More information (local news) for Oklahoma can be found here and here.
Also for other reports about Kansas can be found here.

From our NRT-DADS system we produced the following images:
On the left is the true color image of the dust storm. On the right the detected probability of dust aerosols. The darker the less probable, the lighter the more probable.

This is the full-size image granule from MODIS 16:55 UTC.

This is the full-size dust aerosol detection system's output.

This is the true color detection with a color coded area where the dust aerosol probability is higher.

Sunday, April 15, 2012

El Paso's Dust Storm - Images // April 14 2012

It was a very bad day for El Paso, TX, residents. Here are the images I got (click to enlarge) and a couple of more images Tom found.

This from NASA-Terra MODIS data:
 Dust aerosol detection algorithm result.
From NASA - Aqua MODIS data
  Dust aerosol detection algorithm result.

This is an image with a higher resolution view to the dust storm:

And finally, a very nice animation of GOES IR data:
(original here on Tom's web)

Sunday, March 18, 2012

Dust Storm - Southwestern US - March 18 2012

Today I had the privilege of being asked by a "Dust-Storm" expert the following:
"There is massive amounts of dust today in New Mexico and El Paso. But on the satellite I can't easily tell which is dust and which is cloud. Can you run your algorithm today and see if it differentiates them?" - Dr. Thomas Gill

Unfortunately, the algorithm was "trained" or "taught" to discriminate clouds, that is, wherever there is a cloud, don't bother searching for dust. The original premise by some NASA experts and I was that, since my algorithm uses thermal spectral bands near the infra-red spectrum, any cloud would significantly deteriorate the thermal emission of the dust aerosols; in other words: it would mess up the whole algorithm. So anyway, what I am trying to say is that all clouds are "mapped" to black (non-dusty) aerosols.

Below are the results of my algorithm. On the left we have true color images and on the right we have the output of my algorithm; on the first row is shown MODIS-Terra and on the second MODIS-Aqua, 17:35 UTC and 2050 UTC, respectively.

This dust storm was classified as "severe" and it is probably the worst in the last five years.  Here is the full overpass of MODIS-Terra and my algorithm's output...

This is the GOES East animation of the event; as you can see, there is a large number of clouds moving over the area of the incident, making almost impossible to analyze using traditional infra-red imagery.

Finally, here are some pictures of friends and videos uploaded by other people.

El Paso, TX...

Las Cruces, NM...

Albuquerque, NM...

Wow, right?